Location in Alabama.
|Coordinates: 30°24′20″N 87°40′53″W|
|- Total||14.3 sq mi (37 km2)|
|- Land||14.3 sq mi (37 km2)|
|- Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||79 ft (24 m)|
|- Density||530.8/sq mi (205.1/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|- Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0118464|
Foley was founded by John B. Foley of Chicago. As Foley was traveling to President McKinley’s funeral in 1901, he met a railroad agent who told him of the area in South Baldwin County. Foley came down the following year, liked what he saw and bought up between 40,000 acres (160 km2) and 50,000 acres (200 km2) of land. He returned to Chicago and formed the Magnolia Land Company. As he began to sell off acreage, he realized the need for a better way for the people to come to Foley. Foley used some of his own money to lay the rails so the train could come from Bay Minette. The first railroad station was built in 1905. The original station burned in 1908 and was replaced the following year by the station that is now the City’s museum. John Foley donated parcels of land for a school and churches. The first train to service Foley was a wood burner called the “Pine Knot Special.” It would leave Foley in the morning and make a return trip in the afternoon. As people cleared the land, the would place liter knots in a wood box for the engineer to use as was needed. Foley was incorporated in 1915 with G. I. Weatherly serving as its first mayor.
Foley is located at 30°24’20.138″ North, 87°40’53.432″ West (30.405594, -87.681509).
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 14.3 sq mi (37 km2), of which, 14.3 sq mi (37 km2) of it is land and 0.07% is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 7,590 people, 3,126 households, and 2,106 families residing in the city. The population density was 531.5 people per square mile (205.2/km²). There were 3,468 housing units at an average density of 242.8 per square mile (93.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 74.49% White, 21.86% Black or African American, 0.59% Native American, 0.55% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.32% from other races, and 1.15% from two or more races. 4.64% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 3,126 households out of which 27.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.4% were married couples living together, 15.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.6% were non-families. 28.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.85.
In the city the population was spread out with 23.1% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 25.9% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 21.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 84.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $31,596, and the median income for a family was $38,427. Males had a median income of $28,523 versus $20,660 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,364. About 7.1% of families and 0.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.4% of those under age 18 and 12.0% of those age 65 or over.
Foley is a part of the Baldwin County Public Schools system.
An elementary school, an intermediate school, a middle school, and a high school serve Foley.
The Foley Public Library has in excess of 50,000 volumes, internet computers, children’s reading programs and public meeting rooms for civic organizations. Its web site is www.foleylibrary.org.
- Foley High School (9-12)
- Foley Middle School (7-8)
- Foley Intermediate School (5-6)
- Foley Elementary School (K-4)